Their preferred habitat is shallow, muddy waters, estuaries and sea grass beds. They are one of two species of native seahorse found in UK waters.
They feed on shrimps. They have no teeth and use their snout to suck their food straight into their stomachs.
Seahorses use their tails to anchor themselves to the stems of plants and are extremely well camouflaged. This helps protect them from predators as do the bony plates beneath their skin. Very few animals can get their teeth into the body armour of an adult seahorse, although they are the prey of large fish, crabs and seagulls.
Seahorses form faithful partnerships with their mates but recent research suggests this is not necessarily for life. The male is the one who becomes pregnant and gives birth to the young, after the female transfers her eggs to a pouch on his stomach.
Habitat degradation and disturbance through direct anthropogenic activities such as coastal developments and the effect of fishing gear e.g. trawls and dredging.
There is not yet sufficient data to determine the conservation status of this species.
- Latin Name: Hippocampus hippocampus
- Order: Syngnathiformes
- Family: Syngnathidae
- Conservation Status: Data Deficient
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