The lionfish is native to the Indo-Pacific. They can be found around the seaward edge of reefs and corals, in lagoons and on rocky surfaces to fifty metres. They show a preference for turbid inshore areas and harbours.
They prey mostly on small fish, invertebrates and molluscs.
Lionfish have a general hostile attitude and are territorial towards other reef fish. They are a solitary animal and only come together to mate.
The lionfish group usually contains one male and a few females that he will mate with. The male lionfish is highly territorial and protects the area in which him and the females live. The female lionfish will release between 2,000 and 15,000 eggs into the water which are then fertilized by the male. The lionfish pair then hide so that their eggs can float into the ocean before being spotted by predators. The lionfish eggs hatch in just two days and the tiny lionfish fry will remain near the surface of the water until they are bigger. When they reach nearly an inch in length they will swim down into the ocean to join the reef community.
Pollution in coral reefs
- Latin Name: Pterois antennata
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