Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and parts of the Black Sea. They prefer hard substrates such as rocks or hard mud. They live in holes and crevices and emerge at night to feed.
They feed on crabs, molluscs, sea urchins, starfish and polychaete worms
Mating occurs in the Summer; producing eggs which are carried by the females for up to a year before hatching into planktonic larvae.
The main threat is overfishing, using baited 'lobster pots'.
Specific conservation action has not been targeted at this species.
- Latin Name: Homarus gammarus
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
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